This photograph is actually a 17th century Flemish engraving. It was taken using the heliopraphy process which consisted of using a layer of bitumen on glass of metal, which hardened in relation to exposure of light. The excess is then washed off with oil of lavender, and only the hardened image remains, leaving your photograph.
Photograph by Joseph Nicephore Niepce (1826)
This photo was taken in 1826 by Nicephore Niepce. It is considered the first photograph taken of a scene from nature. It was taken from the window of Le Gras. As you can see, the quality is poor. But you can almost make out the shapes of pillars and the sides of buildings on both sides. This photograph took 8 hours to fully develop.